The “Alternative Fuels” market covers the replacement of fossil fuels – diesel and gasoline/petrol/benzene with any number of energy sources that provide a cleaner emissions profile.
Tailpipe emissions are regulated globally, and met by OEM vehicle manufacturers in order to be able to market their vehicles.
Mandating stricter standards and lower levels of polluting gases and substances, has led to world opinion demanding the elimination of diesel as a powertrain fuel within the next 20 years and fossil fuels altogether by 2050.
The cleaner alternatives comprise sources of energy with varying degrees of cleaner emissions and are used as local supply chain and logistics allow. In summary these comprise: